[Parution] The Oxford Handbook of the Merovingian World

Edited by Bonnie Effros and Isabel Moreira, avec des articles de Luc Bourgeois, Édith Peytremann et Patrick Périn

The Oxford Handbook of the Merovingian World

Published: 29 October 2020 (Estimated)
1056 Pages
248x171 mm
ISBN: 9780190234188
https://global.oup.com/academic/product/the-oxford-handbook-of-the-merovingian-world-9780190234188?cc=gb&lang=en&#

 

The Merovingian era is one of the best studied yet least well known periods of European history. From the fifth to the eighth centuries, the inhabitants of Gaul (what now comprises France, southern Belgium, Luxembourg, Rhineland Germany, and part of modern Switzerland), a mix of Gallo-Roman inhabitants and Germanic arrivals under the political control of the Merovingian dynasty, sought to preserve, use, and reimagine the political, cultural, and religious power of ancient Rome while simultaneously forging the beginnings of what would become medieval European culture.

The forty-six essays included in this volume highlight why the Merovingian era is at the heart of historical debates about what happened to Western Europe after the fall of the Roman Empire. The essays demonstrate that the inhabitants of the Merovingian kingdoms in these centuries created a culture that was the product of these traditions and achieved a balance between the world they inherited and the imaginative solutions they bequeathed to Europe. The Handbook highlights new perspectives and scientific approaches that shape our changing view of this extraordinary era by showing that Merovingian Gaul was situated at the crossroads of Europe, connecting the Mediterranean and the British Isles with the Byzantine empire, and it benefited from the global reach of the late Roman Empire. It tells the story of the Merovingian world through archaeology, bio-archaeology, architecture, hagiographic literature, history, liturgy, visionary literature and eschatology, patristics, numismatics, and material culture.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Abbreviations
List of Contributors
Map of Merovingian Gaul
Merovingian Family Tree

Introduction

1. Pushing the Boundaries of the Merovingian World
Bonnie Effros and Isabel Moreira

PART I MEROVINGIAN HISTORIOGRAPHY AND THE HISTORY OF ARCHAEOLOGY
2. From Gaul to Francia: The Impact of the Merovingians
Paul Fouracre
3. Writing the History of Merovingian Gaul: An Historiographical Survey
Agnès Graceffa
4. Two Centuries of Excavating Merovingian-Era Cemeteries in France
Bonnie Effros

PART II EXPRESSING IDENTITY
5. Transformations of Identities: Barbarians and Romans in the Merovingian Realm
Magali Coumert
6. Migrants and Minorities in Merovingian Gaul
Wolfram Drews
7. Human Remains and What They Can Tell Us about Status and Identity in the Merovingian Period
Andrea Czermak
8. Gender in Merovingian Gaul
Guy Halsall
9. Children's Lives and Deaths in Merovingian Gaul
Émilie Perez

PART III STRUCTURES OF POWER
10. The Merovingian Polity: A Network of Courts and Courtiers
Yitzhak Hen
11. Elite Women in the Merovingian Period
Edward James
12. The Military and Its Role in Merovingian Society
Laury Sarti
13. Corporate Solidarity and Its Limits within the Gallo-Frankish Episcopate
Gregory Halfond
14. Public Health, Hospitals, and Charity
Peregrine Horden
15. Merovingian Monasticism: Voices of Dissent
Albrecht Diem

PART IV MEROVINGIAN GAUL IN A WIDER CONTEXT
16. The Merovingians and Byzantium: Diplomatic, Military, and Religious Issues, 500-700
Stefan Esders
17. The Movement of People and Things between Britain and France in the Late- and Post-Roman Periods
Robin Fleming
18. De gente Scottorum monachi: The Irish in Merovingian Settlement Strategy
Jean-Michel Picard
19. "Alors commença la France": Merovingian Expansion South of the Loire, 495-510
Ralph W. Mathisen
20. The Merovingians, the Avars, and the Slavs
Matthias Hardt
21. The Merovingians and Italy: Ostrogoths and Early Lombards
Jonathan J. Arnold

PART V MEROVINGIAN WRITTEN CULTURE
22. The History of Historiography in the Merovingian Period
Helmut Reimitz
23. Merovingian Legal Cultures
Alice Rio
24. Merovingian Hagiography
Jamie Kreiner
25. Letters and Communication Networks in Merovingian Gaul
Andrew Gillett
26. Merovingian Epigraphy, Frankish Epigraphy, and the Epigraphy of the Merovingian World.
Mark Handley

PART VI MEROVINGIAN LANDSCAPES
27. The Role of the City in Merovingian Francia
S. T. Loseby
28. The Fate of Small Towns, Hilltop Settlements, and Elite Residences in Merovingian-Period Gaul
Luc Bourgeois
29. The Fate of Late-Roman Villas in Southern Gaul between the Sixth and Seventh Centuries.
Alexandra Chavarría Arnau
30. Merovingian Religious Architecture: Some New Reflections
Pascale Chevalier
31. Rural Life and Work in Northern Gaul during the Early Middle Ages
Edith Peytremann
32. Good and Bad Plants in Merovingian Francia
Paolo Squatriti
33. Livestock and the Early Medieval Diet in Northern Gaul
Jean-Hervé Yvinec and Maude Barme

PART VII ECONOMIES, EXCHANGE, AND PRODUCTION
34. Maritime and River Traders, Landing Places, and Emporia Ports in the Merovingian Period in and around the Low Countries
Dries Tys
35. The Evidence of Numismatics: "Merovingian" Coinage and the Place of Frankish Gaul and Its Cities in an "Invisible" Roman Empire
Jürgen Strothmann
36. Bead and Garnet Trade between the Merovingian, Mediterranean, and Indian Worlds
Constantin Pion, Bernard Gratuze, Patrick Périn, and Thomas Calligaro
37. Merovingian Gaul and the Mediterranean: Ceramics and Trade
Michel Bonifay and Dominique Pieri
38. Long-Distance Trade and the Rural Population of Northern Gaul
Frans Theuws
39. Belt Buckles and Burials in Southwestern Gaul
Ralph J. Patrello

PART VIII THE SUPERNATURAL AND THE AFTERLIFE
40. Amulets and Identity in the Merovingian World
Genevra Kornbluth
41. Magic and Divination in the Merovingian World
William E. Klingshirn
42. Visions and the Afterlife
Isabel Moreira
43. Inscribed in the Book of Life: Liturgical Commemoration in Merovingian Gaul
Els Rose
44. Liturgy and the Laity
Lisa Kaaren Bailey
45. The Life of Penance
Kevin Uhalde
46. Merovingian Meditations on Jesus
Lynda Coon

Index